Archive - September 2018

Top 12 Qualities a Good Wife Must Have

“Double double toil and trouble
Fire burn and cauldron bubble”
Does this tongue twister sound familiar to you? We read these words, recited by the three witches, in the opening scene of Shakespeare’s famous play, Macbeth. Anyone who has read Macbeth will agree that the real cause of Macbeth’s doom was his wife and fourth unofficial witch of the play, Lady Macbeth. But, Mrs. Macbeth is not the only example. Many stories have depicted women as harbingers of wars, destruction, and death. Ram went to war with Ravana because of Sita who was abducted in the first place at the instigation of Surpanakha. Helen of Troy, Cleopatra, Draupadi is some of the famous “battle-provoking” wives whose names have been etched in the golden ink of history.

We believe in the hackneyed saying that history guides our present by telling us not to repeat the mistakes of the past. Our daily soaps have thoroughly absorbed the lessons passed on to us by history, myths, epics, and other stories. We have yet to see a television “saas” or “bahu” who doesn’t spend half her time in plotting and scheming. Unfortunately, the TV shows cannot incorporate a full-fledged war in their episodes, so the producers are happy to depict the ladies of the house as shrewd, cunning, conniving and surviving on the fuel of jealousy. Then, we have the so-called “feminist” shows that portray women as the “men of the house”. Such women make dominating wives, who act on their own wills and answer to no one. If neither category of wives possesses the attributes desired in an ideal wife, what traits make a good wife?

Let us take a look at the top 12 qualities that a good wife must have so that double trouble and toil can be avoided.

12. Patience
Patience is the most elusive quality in today’s world. We are so used to this mechanical lifestyle that we have no time to stop and ponder. Our tight schedules, pending pile of chores, daily appointments have made us impatient as well as unreceptive. Listening patiently to the other person’s problems can solve many issues. Your calmness doesn’t make you weak. It helps you in analysing the situation in a better manner and makes you more judicious. Remember, in an argument, the pitch of your tone simply reflects your uncertainty. Instead, be calm and win your husband with your composure.

11. Self-Assurance
Let us face the fact that we live in the 21st century and the ancient definitions of a “good wife” need to be revised. A good wife doesn’t necessarily have to be meek, obedient, dutiful and deferential. These qualities are generally appreciated in girls whereas guys are expected to be bold, outgoing, courageous and fierce. These primitive stereotyped moulds have been shaping us since ages. It is time to make the gender-based idols eco-friendly so that nature can take over the role of the society in the conditioning of our behaviours. Be self-assured and take your decisions confidently. Your confidence reflects your personality so, make it shine and bedazzle your husband.

10. Self-Reliance
We have often heard our parents telling us that girls need to stand on their feet because they are not inferior to boys in any manner. The whole talk of self-dependency is not all about superiority/inferiority binary. We live in a competitive and growing economy where even basic commodities are expensive. Why should the entire responsibility of supporting the family lie on the shoulders of the husband? Just because society assigned certain gender roles thousands of years back, doesn’t mean we have to adhere to those roles for eternity. Furthermore, it is terribly wrong to think of the home-makers as “jobless”. The wives who work hard to keep their homes functioning are doing the most difficult job in the world. So, do not for once, underestimate your worth because if you lose faith in yourself, the structure of your family will crumble and your husband will start taking you for granted.

9. Self-Acceptance
What’s in a name? Have you ever thought about it? According to Manusmriti, “One should not marry women whose names are similar to constellations, trees, rivers, mountains, birds, snakes, slaves or those whose names inspires terror.” Does the name Kali or Durga inspire terror? Maybe, in the hearts of Asuras. Perspectives change everything. Our names do not define us for “Dheeraj” can be the most impatient man in the world or “Drishti” can be blind. It is difficult to understand the logic behind the things written in Manusmriti because we cannot go back in time to have a better idea about that society. And, changing your names after marriage, most certainly does not reconstruct your personalities. Learn to be comfortable in your skins. If you accept yourselves, others will accept you too, if only eventually.

8. Wit
“Wit beyond measure, is man’s greatest treasure” is the motto of the Ravenclaw house in Harry Potter. If wit can earn you a respectable place in the magical world, it can definitely help you in this muggle world. Your intellect, common sense and judgement do not only make you attractive persons but also desirable wives.

7. Sense of humour
Who can resist a person with a great sense of humour? Your humour makes you amusing as you have the capability of alleviating stress levels. Laughter helps in healing the nerves. It has therapeutical effects. Nothing is better than having a partner who can make you feel lively again. Plus, wives who do not complain about every little thing are definitely included in the definition of “good wives”.

6. Honesty
Every relationship stands on the foundation of honesty. Express your feelings openly. If conversation over a cup of coffee can bring you close, an honest talk with your husband about the things that bother you can bring you closer. So, enter into the uninhibited realm and make your bond stronger.

5. Unpredictability
Marriage becomes a mundane affair after a few years because the daily pattern becomes predictable. When a relationship becomes monotonous, it is important to reload it with unpredictable elements like surprise dates, thoughtful gifts, amazing trips, etc. Keep the fire simmering by thinking out of the box.

4. Respect
Again, it will be cliché to say that respect can only be earned but, clichés are generally true. Treat your partner the way you wish to be treated. Do not rely on the manual of marital conduct prescribed by the society. Think of your husband as an individual and respect his decisions. Stand by him in his tough times and express your opinions honestly in order to make him see things from your perspective.

3. Appreciation
Marriage cannot be a bed of roses. You might get pricked by a few thorns now and then. You can never enjoy rains if you are scared of getting wet and falling sick. The view from the mountaintop is not meant for you if you do not dare to look down. Similarly, your husband cannot be a perfect individual because perfection does not exist. Be appreciative of what you have. Value the efforts that he makes to keep you happy. Try to enjoy the roses and ignore the thorns that come as part of the package.

2. Affability
Try to be his friend, his partner-in-crime, and his go-to person for gossip. Friendship is based on trust and if you are your husband’s best friend, nothing can pull you asunder. Love is all about understanding, faith, kindness, warmth and approachability. Be his best friend and you will be his everything.

1. Harmony
Break the stereotypes. Do not let anyone else write your story for you. Be the harbinger of peace and not of war. You don’t have to nag your husband to make him listen to you. Do not use tears as weapons of assault. Having to shout to make your presence felt is not “feminism”. Strive to go beyond the assigned roles. Do not abide by the old definitions of an ideal wife. Create your own definition of a “good wife”.

Top 12 Best Chefs in the World

We have all grown up reading fairy tales. Other than the ornamental costumes and fantastic characters, food has always been one of the main parts of the plots of these tales. The images of flowing chocolate fountains, rich nutty buns, roasted potatoes, caramelized chicken have been fixed in our minds by these fantasy stories. It is impossible to narrate the story of Cinderella without mentioning the faithful pumpkin which turned into a cart that carried Cinderella to the grand ball. How would the story of Snow White have ended if she had not taken the bite of the poisoned apple? Imagine the story of Hansel and Gretel without the gingerbread house of the cannibal witch or the world of Alice without food! It is unthinkable.

“Food is life” is the motto of many people. Parties, weddings, birthdays and other celebrations are inconceivable without a soul-satisfying menu. Cooking is not just an activity; it is an art that turns simple vegetables and fruits into exquisite cuisines. The artists who deal with this intricate art of cooking are called chefs and we should be grateful to them for introducing us to innumerable ways of savouring a dish.

If food is the offering of nature, technology is the gift of human genius to the world. Scientific techniques are the modern day spells that help us accomplish different tasks. From the moment we get up in the morning to the point we sleep at night, we carry out our chores with the aid of technology. It would not be wrong to say that science has made life easy. Some people were clever enough to find a connection between the two things—food and science—and create dishes with innovative scientific techniques. We can call them science chefs as they use molecular gastronomy to prepare science based cuisines.

Preparing a list of 12 top chefs is a very subjective and wide area because each chef, who has made a name for himself/herself, specialises in something or the other. The top 12 list can be prepared on the basis of wealth quotient, popularity, awards, etc., but we thought of going a little off stream. So, our top 12 features those chefs who have created extraordinary flavours with whimsical and avant-garde techniques of cooking.

Let us get acquainted with 12 best chefs who have introduced the miracles of molecular gastronomy to the world.

12. Adam Melonas

Born in Canberra, Australia in 1981, Adam Melonas is an Australian chef of Greek heritage particularly famous for his progressive style of cooking. He is the founder and CEO of Chew, which is a food innovation lab that partners with companies all over the world to create game-changing products.These products are not only delicious but also nutritious. With restaurants in five countries, Melonas has pushed the limits of experimental cooking and has become a veteran of the culinary world.

11. Marcel Vigneron

Born in Washington, United States in 1980, Marcel Vigneron is best known as the runner-up of the second season of Top Chef. Through this reality TV series, he became famous for his scientific techniques, especially for his use of foams. In 2011, he started and ran a molecular gastronomy catering company in his own television program on Syfy— Marcel’s Quantum Kitchen, but the programme was cancelled after six episodes. Vigneron is the owner of the restaurant Wolf which is located in the heart of Melrose/Fairfax district. Beefsteak is his most recent “conscious plant-based cuisine” restaurant.

10. Richard Blais

Born in New York, United States in 1972, Richard Blais is an American top chef, TV personality, restauranteur and author. He currently owns and operates Trail Blais, a forward-thinking culinary company and is the author of the books So Good and Try This At Home. He is an important entity in the genre of progressive cooking.

9. Sat Bains

Born in Derby, United Kingdom in 1971, Satwant Singh or Sat Bains is best known for being the owner of the “working- class two Michelin star restaurant”— Restaurant Sat Bains with Rooms— in Nottingham. In 2009, he was named the Chef’s Chef of the Year by the Restaurant magazine. Despite his success, Bains keeps evolving and perfecting his menu which is like a personal holy grail to him. His aims to offer unique food items to the people through his style of cooking.

8. Pierre Gagnaire

Born in Apinac, Loire in 1950, Pierre Gagnaire is the owner of the three Michelin Star eponymous Pierre Gagnaire restaurant at 6 rue Blazac in Paris. He is known for his iconoclastic style of cooking. A true pioneer of molecular gastronomy, he has changed people’s outlook on classic French cooking by introducing jarring juxtapositions of flavours, tastes, textures and ingredients. Gagnaire won the “Best Chef in the World” award in 2015. He owns 11 restaurants around the world and these have repeatedly appeared in the “World’s 50 Best Restaurants” list prepared by UK media company, William Reed Business Media.

7. Michael Carlson

Born in Chicago, Illinois in 1974, Michael Carlson is known for his unstressed and well-balanced approach to food. He loves to create simple dishes from unusual and unconventional ingredients and has been described as a “culinary maverick” by food critics. His cooking style makes use of high-tech chemistry and innovative tools like emulsifying gels, congealing agents, foams and liquid nitrogen. Carlson was named the “Best Chef” by Chicago magazine in 2006 and won the Jean Banchet Award for the “Rising Chef of the Year” in 2007.

6. Wylie Dufresne

Born in Providence, Rhode Island in 1970, Dufresne is a science-forward chef who is famous for his deceptively simple style of cooking. Dufresne’s technique of cooking follows a simple formula— there’s more than that meets the eye when it comes to food. Dufresne rose to fame with WD~50 and Alder and is fondly known for his offbeat flavours. He applied his same methodical wizardry to doughnuts with his debut of Du’s Donuts in 2017, which is now the main gig of this molecular gastronaut.

5. Jośe Andrés

Born in Asturias, Spain in 1969, Jośe Andrés is a Spanish-American chef who is credited for bringing the “Tapas” or small plates dining concept to America. Andrés has been named one of Time’s “100 Most Influential People” and has received the “Outstanding Chef” award from the James Beard Foundation. He is famous for his culinary innovations, groundbreaking avant-garde cuisines and for being the owner of ThinkFoodGroup. He is the only chef who has both a two star Michelin restaurant and four Bib Gourmands.

4. Daniel Facen

Born in Switzerland by chance, Daniel Facen is another famous name in the world of experimental cooking. He is an Italian chef who describes himself as, “neither a physicist nor a scientist, but rather a cook with some mad ideas who likes to play with base ingredients. His motto is, “You’ll never discover new oceans if you’re afraid of losing sight of the beach”. His kitchen is the kitchen where technique wins. Modern way of cooking is the key figure in his style of cooking.

3. Ferran Adrià

Born in L’Hospitalet de Llobregat, Spain in 1962, Ferran Adrià is considered one of the best chefs in the world. He is certainly one of most creative chefs who has been referred to as “the Salvador Dali of the kitchen”. He headed the restaurant El Bulli, located in the small town of Roses on the coast of Catalonia, which was named the “Best Restaurant in the World” by the Restaurant magazine. Adrià’s cooking experiments granted a higher pedestal to El Bulli in culinary history.

2. Grant Achatz

Born in Michigan, United States in 1974, Grant Achatz is an American chef known for his contribution to molecular gastronomy and progressive cuisine. According to Achatz, “People like to think the creative process is romantic. The artist drifts to sleep at night, to be awakened by the subliminal echoes of his or her next brilliant idea. The truth, for me at least, is that creativity is primarily the result of hard work and study”. Achatz was named the “Best New Chef” by Food and Wine magazine in 2002 and “Rising Star Chef” by the James Beard Foundation in 2003. In 2005, Grant launched his restaurant Alinea in Chicago where he worked in his trademark inventive style and soon in 2010, Alinea was awarded the coveted three stars from the Michelin Guide.

1. Heston Blumenthal

Born in London, England in 1966, Heston Blumenthal is known for his advocation of scientific understanding in cooking for which he has been awarded with honorary degrees from Reading, Bristol and London universities and has been made a Fellow of the Royal Society of Chemistry. He is an avant-gardist in the fields of multi-sensory cooking, food-pairing and flavour encapsulation. He has won many awards and made many television appearances. His restaurants, The Fat Duck and Dinner by Heston Blumenthal have garnered many accolades for their “new cooking” methods.

Top 11 Inventions That Changed The World Forever

For as long as we breathe, humanity will strive to invent. We’re always in a rush to make things easier for us. Long gone are the days when man will rely on nature to decide when to wake up and when to bid goodbye to the night. Time follows us constantly and we’re in a hurry to create a better world for the next generation, be it by the invention of mind-boggling gadgets or medicines that will keep dangerous illness at bay. Much like us, our parents and their parents, our ancestors, all left their own mark on the world. Small or big steps whose impact they didn’t always fully understand but has now shaped the world we live in. This list is a tribute to the top 11 inventions that changed the world forever, ours and theirs.

1. Telephone

It’s general knowledge that Alexander Graham Bell has the patent for the telephone since 1876 and is, therefore, gets the credit for the invention of Telephone. The debate that whether Antonio Meucci, who crafted the first design for the telephone or Elisha Gray who missed the chance to patent the telephone because he didn’t visit the office himself, was actually the rightful inventors still continues to take place till date. Notwithstanding the interesting history, it’s because of the telephone today that the invention of the smartphone has been possible. While smartphone functions as the computer and involves a complex coding in comparison to the telephone, the idea of having a conversation with a person on the other side of the world wouldn’t have been a definite if it weren’t for the invention of the telephone.

2. Compass

Where would we be without the existence of this magnificent navigator that has shown countless sailorman, wanderers, trekkers the way?  Going back to the 1st century AD, traces of the first compass appears during the Han Dynasty where its uses lay in the divination and fortune telling spectrum. We live in a world where Google Maps helps us venture on unknown territories but that wouldn’t be possible if someone hadn’t put forward the idea of a compass once upon a time. Besides, even today, when the network isn’t good enough, a compass comes in handy for the lost souls.

3. Automobile

This one’s pretty obvious. The world wouldn’t be what it is today if it weren’t for automobiles, air population notwithstanding, we would still be riding on horseback for days to cross a town and even going to the supermarket five blocks down the road would be a herculean task.  An automobile is a broad term, and it practically means all four-wheel vehicles with an internal engine, which makes the task of crediting the invention of the automobile to one person hard.

4. Steam Engine

Simply put, the Steam Engine led to the Industrial Revolution and while it’s of no longer of use in the current world, we owe it our gratitude. Mining, agricultural, manufacturing, transportation- there isn’t a field where the Steam Engine didn’t come in handy. The first patent of a steam engine belongs to Thomas Savery in the year 1698. To put it in context, today’s aircraft and jets wouldn’t be working quite as efficiently and quickly if it weren’t for the Steam Engine.

5. Electricity

The light to our darkness, the antidote to the dim glow of the moon, life without electricity is unheard of and unimaginable now. A lot of the research and development in science, including day to day devices like television, laptop, batteries, all work because electricity gave it the option to. However, electricity isn’t something you can invent since it’s existence is static. The point was to find a way to channel the energy through plausible mediums. Thomas Edison took the first big step in this regard by inventing the light bulb in 1879.

6. ATM

Automated Teller Machine is an electronically operated machine that enables cash flow from a person’s bank account without needing to enter a bank. Donald Wetzel might have the patent for its invention, but a lot of people, even the Queen of England will tell you the credit belongs to John Shepherd Baron. ATM made things easier for a lot of us, especially people living in the metropolitan cities. Most banks have a long line and people go there for a lot more reasons than the purpose of withdrawing money. It’s also impossible to have a bank at every turn in the city. ATM, with it’s relatively smaller size, removes all these problems and lets us have access by using just a simple Debit card.

7. Email

Gmail, Yahoo, Hotmail- a large part of accessing full use of different sites involves having an email I.D that will connect to them. Email has come a long way its basic use, where now you can send instant messages to a person and see if they’re online. It’s primary function was and will always be sending important documents to another computer on the other side of the world without the need for a physical copy. The process which first began in 1969 has now taken on a form where living without is unimaginable for us. People conduct large businesses over Email, a fit the days of the faxes would never have imagined.

8. Guns

Guns definitely changed the world. For better or worse, that’s a debate we’re no closer to solving. While guns appear to be a modern invention, the first trace of it could actually be found in the tenth century in China, dubbed the Chinese Fire lance. By the fifteenth century, we’re a slave to its usefulness. Guns modified the way war took place. Hand to hand combat became an unnecessary practice and even the most underdeveloped soldier could learn to protect themselves.  Speaking broadly, even cannons are qualified as guns and we all know the mass destruction it is capable of causing.

9. Refrigerator

Another invention that had direct involvement in the Industrial Revolution, we would be constantly throwing food into the dustbin without the help of this machine.  Before the refrigerator, people would use water and ice to preserve food, but you can do only so much. With this invention, food could be kept in a much more organised manner. Most of all, we can buy a tub of ice cream and keep it home for days without fear of melting and if that didn’t save humanity, then what did?

10. Television

The primary purpose of Television has always been to educate. And it did, over the course of the years. It brought news to use faster than the newspaper could and accompanied it with visual representation. That’s not where it really left its impact, though. Suddenly, people didn’t need to always go to the cinema hall to watch a movie in peace. We could sit at home and watch any kind of show that would fit our mood for the day. Curl up in the comfort of our couch and watch stories come to life. Television let everyday working people relax after a long day and maybe, made us a little more homebound.

11. Antibiotics

If we’re going to talk about inventions that changed the world, how can we not mention antibiotics? This is what keeps common cold, the flu, and lots of other diseases at bay. A fever could’ve potentially destroyed us before this invention. Penicillin, the first identified antibiotic by Alexander Flaming in the year 1928, is used to treat infections.

Top 10 Major Contributors of Air Pollution

The air that we breathe has a significant impact on our health and functioning. It is essential for the air surrounding us to be clean because breathing is involuntary and imperative. We just can’t stop breathing. As a result, even if the air around us is contaminated or polluted, we end up breathing it and harm ourselves without even knowing about it. Air pollution has become a major global concern, and it only keeps on increasing. To ensure our sustenance and healthy living, we must do everything we can to mitigate air pollution. The following is a list of some major contributors of air pollution that we need to curb and control before it gets too late:

10. Natural Causes

While most forms of air pollution are caused by humans, there are some natural causes as well which are beyond our control. Disasters such as forest fires and volcanic eruptions can cause major air pollution, besides significant damage. Forest fires are infamous for wiping out hectares of forest cover and burning down trees. The gigantic amount of smoke that is emitted lingers in the surrounding areas for days, causing high air pollution. Volcanic activity is very infrequent around the world. However, eruptions can be disastrous because of the sulfuric fumes that erupt along with lava and mix with the air.

9. Heavy Construction

Urbanization has increased manifold in the past few decades. In order to create more and more jobs for people, office spaces and high-rises are required. Heavy constructions take place primarily to meet such demands adds to the amount of pollution in the environment. Various large-scale equipment and raw materials are used in the process, thereby generating a lot of dust and smog. Moreover, as such major constructions take at least a few years to complete, the pollutant emission is not a one-time occurrence, but is continuous. The construction of larger buildings such as factories or research centers take an equally harmful toll on the environment, and especially on the air.

8. Mining

The mining industry is extremely lucrative – its estimated worth is well in the billions. Multiple African and South American countries have become known as mining hubs as mining conglomerates focus their mining operations there. A lot of digging and heavy drilling equipment is required to reach underground and find ores. A large amount of dust and chemicals are released into the environment during the process. As a result, the ordeal leaves an adverse impact on the environment. In fact, the health conditions of the workers are also affected and they end up developing serious health problems.

7. Agricultural chemicals

Agriculture is an occupation that is pivotal for the sustenance of humanity. However, the widespread use of insecticides, pesticides, and fertilizers is beginning to have a contradictory impact. While it ensures that crop growth is uninhibited, the chemicals released are harmful to the environment. Most of these chemicals contain ammonia and nitrates, which eventually pass up to the air and mix with it. This makes breathing around such areas quite difficult. Besides causing air pollution, these chemicals also end up becoming adulterants in the crops they are applied to.

6. Overpopulation

Overpopulation has gradually turned out to be a global concern. Countries like India and China have populations of over one billion people. Their populations are increasing, as a result of which the world population is also growing. A growing number of people equates to more consumption and greater generation of waste. In essence, the planet is running out of space. This, in turn, has added to the persistent air pollution problem.

5. Deforestation

A problem that is directly linked to overpopulation, deforestation is equally harmful. Trees serve as major contributors of oxygen to the environment. When trees are cut down in gigantic numbers, the amount of carbon dioxide that is left behind in those areas increases. Consequently, this augments the amount of air pollution. As more and more people look for housing and employment, nature suffers. Urbanization leads to depletion of the forest cover to make room for more people. Thus, more construction leads to more dust and pollutants. Ultimately, air pollution increases.

4. Indoor pollutants

Human beings are indirectly the root cause of air pollution. Besides large-scale activities that contribute to air pollution, indoor actions can do the same as well. When a house is painted, various chemicals are released into the surroundings that make breathing difficult. Bursting firecrackers also release toxic emissions into the environment. Emissions from refrigerators and air conditions like chlorofluorocarbons also cause air pollution and deplete the ozone layer. This leads to an increase in global warming as well, which has become on the biggest global crisis in existence today. Human beings need to understand their duty to the environment, be responsible, and do whatever they can to individually prevent air pollution.

3. Industrial pollution

The industrial era led to the establishment of hundreds and thousands of industrial factories around the world. Using large amounts of energy, these industries emit various gases and pollutants. The output is greater than the input, and a significant chunk of the output is wastage. This wastage is either drained out into water bodies, thereby leading to water pollution, or released into the air. Large chimneys continuously chug out clouds of black smog into the environment, turning the skies dark and polluting the area. The industrial sector is one of the largest contributors to air pollution.

2. Vehicular emissions

The number of cars on the roads has quadrupled from what it was a few decades ago. This has not only led to traffic jams and an increase in the number of accidents but has also increased pollution. Vehicular emissions consist of smoke and smog from the exhaust pipes, directly polluting the air and environment. In fact, cities like Delhi in India and Beijing in China have had to resort to policies that prevent too many vehicles from moving on the roads to mitigate pollution. As soon as these policies were implemented, the skies cleared and breathing became much easier. In the long run, systematic solutions will have to be adopted to lessen the adverse environmental impact of vehicular emissions.

1. Combustion of fossil fuels

The single most deadly contributor to air pollution- fossil fuels- are as much a bane as they are a boon. Coal, petroleum, and natural gases find their uses in the functioning of economics all around the world. Industries, electricity, cars – all derive their energy sources from fossil fuel combustion. However, the impact on the environment is immense and air pollution has increased at an alarming rate. In order to create a sustainable world, we will have to gradually shift to renewable and clean energy sources, and lessen the combustion of fossil fuels in order to reduce air pollution and save the environment.

Top 10 things China is famous for

China is the one country that is bound to be on the bucket list of all travellers and wanderers. Very few countries can offer the wide range and variety of experiences that the land of the rising sun, China, does. From its rich cultural heritage to its fascinating diversity, China, the Middle Kingdom, is an ever inviting land, seeking explorers. While most of us are captivated beyond words,  just by the incredible culture of the wonderful people and the breath-taking natural beauty, this majestic country has very many other possessions to boast of as well.

10. The Great Wall of China

Located near Beijing, The Great Wall of China is one of UNESCO’s world heritage sites. One of the most iconic symbols of China, this is the longest wall in the world.

The wall spans from the western borders of the country to the eastern coast, covering a distance of around 5,000 km or 3,100 miles. The best integrated and well-preserved part of the Great Wall is located close to Beijing. It is an awe-inspiring, defensive architectural accomplishment from the ancient times and undeniably deserves its position in the list of The New Seven Wonders of the world. This is exactly the reason why, in the eyes of a traveller, if you haven’t climbed the Great Wall of China, you have not been to China at all!


9. Chinese Food

Perhaps the most popular cuisine in the world, Chinese food has its special and unique position in any food lover’s heart. Although most Westerners tend to generalise Chinese food broadly into one major group, it is not the actual case in reality. Chinese cuisine varies greatly by region. In the north, noodles are the staple meal while in the south, rice is much more common and almost everything is served on top of rice. Regions like Sichuan and Hunnan are popularly known for their unique spicy food, whereas the coastal regions offer delightful preparations of sea-food. Some famous Chinese street food includes Chinese sweet potatoes, Chinese barbecue and Shao kao.

Above all, the rest of the world will forever be indebted to China for its scrumptious dumplings and of course, the most famous lifesavers, our favourite Chinese take-aways.


8. Calligraphy

The ancient art of Chinese calligraphy is not only an art form but a form of meditative practice and a scholarly pursuit. In fact, in recent years, calligraphy has also become a primary filed to invest in.

With a rich tradition of the charming art of calligraphy, tracing back to many thousand years in history, China is renowned worldwide for the work on paper by the greatest of Chinese masters of all time. Experimental and digital works of calligraphy by contemporary artists are also appreciated wholeheartedly for heralding the revival of the ancient art.


7. Population

That’s right! The population of the country is indeed one of the first things that come to mind as soon as one hears of China. Apart from all its magnificent cultural traditions and customs, China is rather famous for being the most overpopulated country in the world. With a population of 7.2 billion, China alone represents a full 20% of the total world population.  This means that one in five people in the world is a resident of China. On an average, every woman gives birth to 1.7 children in her lifetime.

Apart from an absurd growth of population, China also has an uneven male-female ratio amongst its citizens. There is a significantly high number of males in China when compared to females and this may have something to do with the preference for a male child in many Chinese families.


6. One Child Policy

In the 20th century, when the population of China was increasing uncontrollably and rapidly, the Government of China came up with the ‘one child policy’ to try and restrict the growth to some extent. This remains to be one of the most well-known policies of the country, making it a famous topic of discussion for the rest of the world, even today.

This policy primarily limits couples to have only one child and anyone who does not abide by the law is punished, of course with some exceptions like cases of twins or couples belonging to ethnic minorities.


5. Tea

China was the first to discover the delight of the simple drink made from steeping tea leaves in hot water. Since then, it has developed a profound taste and appreciation for tea. Chinese tea is often one of the most exciting parts of the meal while visiting any Chinese restaurant or eatery.

Famous in the West for the different varieties of Chinese teas, some special tea leaves from China regularly sell for thousands of dollars per kilo. Such is the power and popularity of the tea culture of China.


4. Indoor Sports

China may not be the best at soccer or cricket, but it remains unparalleled when it comes to indoor sports.

With a terrific system of athletic training, China has devised a way to produce the best gymnasts, divers, badminton aces and ping-pong champions. Since its first participation in the modern Olympics in 1984, China has been consistent in maintaining its world-renowned reputation by securing medals each and every time!


3. Inventions

Most famous for its inventions throughout the ages, China has to its credits, hundreds of different inventions that all other civilisations have benefited from. Some of the most well-known inventions of China include paper, printing and gunpowder. In fact, modern toilet paper was also invented in China, for the emperors. The Chinese also invented kites to scare the enemy in the battle-field. In fact, the Chinese emperor Shennong is said to have discovered tea, now considered to be almost a basic necessity of life.


2. Modern Buildings and Development

China boasts of some of the most developed cities in the world and is becoming increasingly modernised with time. The multitude of skyscrapers and high rises in China is a spectacular sight. Shanghai, with its famous modern riverfront skyline known as Bund, large European style buildings and Pearl of the Orient Tower epitomizes modern China.


1. The Terracotta Army

The Terracotta Army is a collection of terracotta structures which essentially represents the army of the Chinese emperor, Qin Shi Huang. Discovered in 1974 by the local farmers in the Lintong District of Xian, these historical figures  are a form of funerary art, dating from the late 3rd century BC.

The terracotta figures include that of horses, warriors and chariots. These clay soldiers were buried with the first Chinese emperor to guard him till eternity and protect his tomb. Other non-military figures like that of musicians, acrobats, strongmen and officials are also found in some other different pits of the ruins. These figures vary in height, depending on their roles, with the General being the tallest.

Top 13 Latest Teen Fads and Trends

Teenagers. They may turn out to be the craziest, meanest and perhaps the most narcissistic group of homo sapiens that you will ever find on the planet. Yet, they are also very fun to be around and have a reputation for coming up with the most creative, out-of-the-box concepts and ideas.

Speaking of which, do you remember those highly dramatic, chick flicks that would screen in every multiplex of the city? Well, that isn’t entirely fiction, for those high school dramas are all very real. There are social groups like the nerds, the populars, the goths, etc. in every high school or college. Every teen wants to be “cool” and fit in. Thus emerge things like popular teen fads and trends, which come and go like the wind.

Want to know what are the latest trends in the world of teenagers? Read on.

13. Emojis and Acronyms


Teenagers simply love using emojis and acronyms. In every single text of every single chat, you will find more of these than actual, real words. Be it LMBO (Laughing my butt off), TBH (to be honest), IYKWIM (if you know what I mean) or IDK (I don’t know), the list is endless.

12. Lush, Colorful Eyebrows

Gone are the days when thin, sharp-as-a-needle eyebrows were considered desirable. Now, teenagers are more into thick, dense eyebrows which come in a variety of funky shades to try out. So, next time you hit the club, don’t be surprised if you see a pop of color on so many pairs of eyebrows, as it is one trend that’s here to stay.

11. Chokers

Whether you’re a punk, a goth, or an absolute girly-girl, there is a choker to fit all your moods and all your needs. In addition to being super trendy, these chokers have the power to turn an otherwise dull and boring outfit into a stylish and chic ensemble.

The cherry on the cake? These chokers come in a ton of different shapes, sizes, styles and colors, so you will never get bored of experimenting with them.

10. Bold Tattoos, Piercings and hair colors


Teens love to be bold, be it in their actions or in their appearances. Thus, it is not surprising that they are absolutely obsessed with bold hair colors, loud tattoos and eye-catching piercings. These style choices are a reflection of their funky personalities and modern notions.

9. The iPhone Obsession


This is another teenage fad that is not going to change anytime soon. Research has shown that about 71% of the teenage population prefers to use iPhones over other Android devices and that about 81% of teenagers intend on buying an iPhone next. Clearly, Apple is on the winning side when it comes to the teenage market, to say the least.

8. Netflix

Teens obtain their daily dose of entertainment by binge-watching videos, movies and web series on online streaming apps like Netflix, Spotify, YouTube and Hulu. Though the subscription charges are pretty high for most of these services, teens never really mind spending their parents’ money on these unnecessary addictions.

7. Social Media

Teens simply can’t get enough of social media. An average teenager probably has more friends and followers on their social media accounts than they ever did in real life. To sum up, teens are living in a social media lie. They live to get more likes on their posts and more followers on their Instagram pages and are thus always hooked to their cell phones. They have more conversations over text messages than they do in real life.

This is a major trend that engulfs their entire entity and existence, in those several years of teenhood.

6. Selfies

Taking beautiful, Instagram-worthy selfies is an essential element of every teen’s life. Teenagers take a LOT of selfies, so much so that their entire phone memory is consumed by these incessant clicks. Don’t believe me? Read ahead. According to a study conducted by Google itself, an average teenager in a day, takes about 14 selfies, 16 photos or videos, checks social media 21 times, and sends 25 text messages. If this isn’t a teen fad, then I don’t know what is.

5. EDM and Partying

Teens don’t really have a 9 to 5 job to eat up their day. After a few hours of school, they’re free to do whatever their heart desires. Thus, during their free time, a lot of teens turn up their speakers or put on their earphones to listen to their favorite kind of music- EDM. Or better yet, they head over to a nearby club to party with their friends and have fun.

4. Joggers

Jogging pants, commonly known as “joggers”, are currently what every teen is obsessing over, girls and guys alike. These pants are the perfect blend of style and comfort, and are therefore an ideal choice for our appearance-oriented young adults. Don’t go by the name, as these pants find their use in all kinds of situations, not just jogging. Teens love to don them for school, for casual visits to the mall, and of course, in the gym.

The trendiest of all are the Instagram famous leather joggers. Even famous celebrities like Gigi Hadid, Kylie Jenner and Kanye West, can’t get enough of them. So, what are you waiting for? Get yourself one of these celebrity-approved apparels before they fade out of style!

3. Crop Tops

If you haven’t seen anyone wearing one of these, you might as well be living under a rock. Crop tops are simply all over the place: in fashion magazines, posters, on runway models, and even on the racks of your local boutique. The youth, especially, is completely head over heels for this trend, as it is flirty, comfy and practical.

Yup, I read your mind, and I have the perfect solution for you: if you’re not so comfortable showing your midriff to the rest of the world, you can always pair it with high waisted jeans, and you’re good to go!

2. Memes

Teens are the best meme-creators you’ll ever meet in your entire life! With a lot of time to kill and a brain filled to the brim with creativity, teenagers are known for coming up with the most hilarious of memes you can ever expect. Being so impossibly comical, they go viral all across social media and can make even the most depressed of souls to crack up for just a bit.

1. Snapchat

Snapchat is the greatest trending app amongst all young adults who have the privilege of owning a smartphone. The successor of the regular chatting apps, Snapchat provides a fun alternative to our cellphone addicts, aka, teenagers. Why such unparalleled popularity? This app allows them to connect with their pals in a way like never before. One can send little snaps of their day to everyone on their friend list, which is further embellished with quirky filters and edits, along with sending regular text messages.


Top 10 Most Fattening Foods

The single most important criteria for judging a food has always been its taste. We pick our favorite foods based on how much we like its taste. Other criteria such as nutritional value, health benefits, shelf life, among others, are considered only if there’s a green signal for the taste. However, in the past few years, an increasing percentage of people have become conscious about the foods they consume. The calories and fats present in a food item are scrutinized much closer now than they would be earlier. People tend to eat healthily and avoid foods that are fattening. As more and more individuals become health conscious, here is a list of the most fattening foods out there:

10. Milk Chocolate

Rich, creamy, and melts in your mouth – milk chocolate is simply heavenly. However, it’s not quite the angel from the nutritional point of view. The milk chocolate that is produced commercially, for example, Cadbury & Hersheys, has a variety of artificial sweeteners and sugar. While all of these blends together brilliantly to produce an exquisite taste, even a small bar of chocolate can contain a high number of calories. If you are a ‘chocoholic’ and are struggling to lessen your chocolate intake, you should try dark chocolate instead, which although bitter, has less sugar and calories.

9. French Fries

Be it the crispy cheese fries at McDonald’s, or simple potato slices fried at home – everyone loves them. Yet, they’re not good for the body. Since they are deep fried in oil, they can be particularly fattening. Especially the oils that are used in fast food chains like McDonalds’s are made to last longer, and hence contain even more fats. Despite how they seem to be a quick and simple snack, eaten with ketchup or mayonnaise, french fries are not the healthiest foods out there. If you’re looking forward to losing weight or switching to a healthy diet, you should consider steering clear of french fries.

8. Cheeseburgers

Be it from Burger King or McDonald’s, everyone loves their cheeseburgers. Cheeseburgers also happen to be a part of many Americans’ diet – millions are sold in the USA daily. However, cheeseburgers are not the healthiest foods around. This is evidenced by the increasing number of obese people in the USA annually. Multiple cheese slices, fried patties, mayonnaise and ketchup – all jointly make cheeseburgers full of carbohydrates that add to the body weight. As a result, more and more people are now shifting to vegan burgers that contain more healthy, green vegetables and less of ingredients that are fattening in nature.

7. Ice-cream

Children, teenagers, adults – there are few who don’t like the cooling and delicious taste of ice-cream. Almost a requirement during summer, and a food item that is consumed all around the year as well, there are few food items as satisfying as ice-cream. Sadly, ice-cream requires substantial amounts of sugar to taste as good as it does. More so, commercially produced ice-creams contains additional preservatives and substances meant to keep them last longer. Although sugar-free ice-creams do exist, they don’t taste as good, and the best solution is to cut down on your intake if you’re looking to avoid fattening foods.

6. Cookies

Made from flour and loads of chocolate, cookies contain a high portion of sugar and fattening ingredients. Even though they seem irresistible when they come out piping hot from the oven, and melt in your mouth, they’re not good enough nutritionally to be consumed regularly. Packaged cookies like Oreos are even more fattening as they contain artificial sweeteners as well, pushing up the calorie intake. Like all other solutions for fattening foods, you should consume minimal cookies to prevent them from adding that extra layer of fat to your body.

5. Sugared Coffee

A morning staple for people all around the world, and also one that can be consumed any time of the day, coffee is omnipresent. The most consumed beverage in the world is also somewhat addictive because of its caffeine content. However, coffee, when consumed with sugar and milk, can also be quite fattening, adding to your health concerns. If you can’t go without your daily coffee and are wary of your waistline, you should stick to black coffee instead of sugar-sweetened coffee. Although it’s more bitter and raw and does not add in the sweet kick that coffee with sugar and milk does, black coffee can still help you avoid those extra calories.

4. Fried chicken

There are few non-vegetarians who aren’t fans of fried chicken. It’s crispy, juicy, and sumptuous – taking a chicken to the point of perfection. However, all the delicious pros come along with worrying cons. Despite how good it might taste, fried chicken is not good for the body because of how oily and fattening it can be. Fried chicken that is sold commercially is all the more unhealthy. Grilled and baked chicken are healthier alternatives to fried chicken that do not contain as many unhealthy fats and calories.

3. Cakes

From birthdays to everyday treats, cakes are always present in the happy moments of our lives. From vanilla to pineapple, chocolate truffle to black forest – they’re sweet delights that everyone with a sweet tooth loves. But, with all the tasty slices, also come the taxing worries of hundreds of calories. Because of the amount of cream, cocoa, and sugar that goes into making cakes so creamy and delicious, the calorie figures also shoot up. Thus, eating cake involves a terribly difficult trade-off – between enjoying its taste, or eating healthy.

2. Pizza

From the Italian peninsula to the far-reaches of the entire world, pizzas have become universal. With varying crusts and myriad toppings, pizzas present a burst of flavor that few other foods do. Extra cheese makes it all the more worthwhile but also fattening. Processed meats that are used in making pizzas commercially contain a high number of calories and increase the chances of people becoming obese. However,  you can still enjoy pizza, given the toppings used are healthy vegetables and the crust is whole-grain. Although if you’re a hardcore pizza lover looking to eat healthily, your only alternative would be to reduce your intake!

1. Soft drinks & Soda

Soft drinks and sodas are consumed casually by people all over the world. They can quench your thirst, or help you gulp down your food. In essence, they also taste great. Yet, despite how they’re sold cheap and easily available, they aren’t good for your body. They contain large amounts of sugar and artificial sweeteners that are full of calories. Drinking too many soft drinks or soda will eventually take a toll on your body fat and increase the size of your belly. Moreover, they aren’t good for your teeth as well. The best thing to do is to reduce consumption to a minimum in order to maintain your diet and stay nutritious.

Top 20 Things Italy is Famous For

It is said that Italy is a dream, and rightfully so. After all, the name itself has magic in it that makes you want to visit this Mediterranean country. Italians have been famous for their food, art, architecture, culture, and above all their passion. But that’s not all. There is so much more to Italy, that it is hard to put everything together. So, here is a list of 20 things that Italy is famous for :

20. Explorers and Travellers

The West is known for producing several explorers who are famous for discovering new water routes and new lands. Among this fall several Italian explorers who have travelled to new lands found new waterways, and have discovered various parts of both Asia and Africa. A few of such explorers include Christopher Columbus, Marco Polo, John Cabot etc.

19. Amalfi Coast

Amalfi Coast, also known as the la Costiera Amalfitana, is a 50Km long coast located in the Salerno Province of Italy, near south Naples. It is considered as the hiker’s paradise because of its beautiful crisscrossed roads and the picturesque view. This colourful and expensive part of Italy is considered by UNESCO as one of the World’s Heritage Sites.

18. Arena di Verona

Also known as the Verona Arena, this is one of the oldest of amphitheatres. It was built in the 1st Century AD by the Romans and since then it has been constantly used for hosting large-scale performances. In those days, it was used for hosting Gladiator fights while today it is used mainly for hosting opera performances. The arena can accommodate up to 15,000 spectators and is one of the major attractions of Italy.

17. Aosta Valley

Aosta Valley is an Alpine valley surrounded by France on the west side and Switzerland on the north. It mainly acts as a boundary to both the countries. The valley includes Italy’s most renowned peaks like Cervino, Mont Blanc, Monte Rosa etc. Out of this, Mont Blanc is the most famous and beautiful one.

16. Renaissance

Renaissance was one of the major periods of Italy’s cultural acmes. The Renaissance, which started in the 14th century and went for 3 centuries, was known for bringing the transition from the medieval period to the modern period, in both the fields of art and literature.

15. Lake Como

Situated near the foothill of the Alps, Lake Como or the Lago di Como is another beautiful place with a picture perfect scenery. This lake spreads over an area of 146 sq km and is almost 425m deep. The lake is named after the city Como.

14. Sardinia Beaches

Beaches of Sardinia island are really famous for their white sands and beautiful turquoise water. Sardinia is one of the largest islands of Italy and is known for having 2,000 km long coastline and mountains and hiking trails in the interior.

13. Language

Who is not fascinated with the Italian language? Labelled as one of the most fascinating and passionate languages, Italian is spoken by over 85 million people throughout the world, and every year tons of people take the initiative to learn this language of love and romance.

12. The Blue Grotto

Blue Grotto or Grotto Azzurra is a magical and magnificent water cave. It is magical in the sense that the interior of this sea cave, near the island Capri, is visible due to the reflection of the sunlight on the water. In short, the cave is lit by the water reflected blue light.

11. Fashion

Italy and fashion are two words that are knitted together. Most Italians are fashionistas or most fashion brands are Italian. This is a vice versa thing, as most international brands, be it Gucci, Prada, Dolce & Gabbana, Armani etc. have their origin from Milan of Italy. Further, Milan is also known for holding Fashion Week every year, which is more like a festival for all the fashion lovers.

10. Mount Vesuvius

Vesuvius or Vesuvio is one of the largest and one of the most dangerous volcanoes located in the whole of Europe. Also, it is the only active volcano in the Europe mainland. The volcano is somewhat 17,000 years old and is 4,190 feet deep. It volcano last erupted in the year 1944.

9. Vineyards

Italy is not only known for its wine, but also for its vineyards. Till date, Italy is known as the largest wine producing country and most of its wine comes from the beautiful vineyards of Tuscany. Besides producing wine, these vineyards are also known for giving wine making lessons, and also for hosting romantic vineyard weddings.

8. Art & Architecture

Italy is incomplete without its art and architecture. Both art and architecture flourish here, and it is said, every art and architecture lover must visit Italy at least once in their lifetime. Famous artists like Leonardo da Vinci, Michelangelo, Raphael and many more belong to Italy.

7. The Pantheon

The Pantheon gets its name from the Greek word Pantheion which stands for ‘honour all Gods’. Previously a Roman temple for the pagan Gods it is now a church. This 43m high church was commissioned by Marcus Agrippa during King Augustus’s time and was later on completed by Emperor Hadrian.

6. Cars

Italy is known for its luxurious automobile brands, be it Ferrari or  Lamborghini, or Fiat or Lancia. There are several other automobile brands that are internationally acclaimed and make cars that are loved by all.

5. The Trevi Fountain

Do you remember watching the movie When in Rome? Remember the fountain where Kristen Bell picked the coins from and got her suitors? Well, this is the same fountain. Trevi Fountain or Fontana di Trevi is known for its wish-granting myth. The fountain was designed by Nicola Salvi and was constructed around 1732.

4. Venice

Venice located in the north-eastern part of Italy is popularly known as the Canal city. This noise-free city is famous for its Grand Canal and the romantic Gondola rides. A paradise for lovers, this city is visited by more than 15 million people every year.

3. Cuisine

While listing the famous Italian things, one should never miss the cuisine. After all, we all love Italian food, be it Pizza, Pasta, Lasagne, Tiramisu or the mouth-watering Gelatos.  Known for its cheesy dishes Italian food is gustoso.

2. The Leaning Tower of Pisa

Torre pendent di Pisa is one of the famous towers of the world. It is mainly a bell tower which is known for its titled structure. This 58m high tower was built back in 1372 and has 295 steps in it. The tower is one of the major attractions of Italy and is visited by almost a million people a year.

1. The Colosseum

The Colosseum is a Flavian Amphitheatre located in Rome. This is one of the Seven Wonders of the World and is visited by more than 4 million tourists a year. The theatre was commissioned by Emperor Vespasian in 80 AD and has a history associated with it. It is not only one of the Seven Wonders but at the same time, it is a symbol of the great Italian and Roman culture.


Top 12 Most Important Personality Development Tips

Are you an avid reader? Have you ever fallen in love with a character of any novel you’ve read? Even if reading is not your thing, you must have felt the tentacles of the charismatic personalities on television or on big screen engulf you. If you pay deeper attention to the reasons behind this inexplicable liking, you are sure to hit the jackpot answer— all these people have amazing characteristics! The protagonist of a book or of a film is intentionally showered with boldness, amiability, wit, and many other traits so that the readers or the audience empathize with him/her and not with the antagonist, who in turn possesses his/her load of negative qualities.Refreshingly, we also come across certain villains who strike us as solid and immensely captivating. Satan in Paradise Lost, Severus Snape in Harry Potter, Cersei in Game of Thrones and Joker in Batman are perfect examples of detestable yet potent characters and it is a pity that they are all concocted personalities.

If we shift the frame of focus from reel life to real life, we’ll realise that we often meet people whom we find extremely attractive; yet, there are some whose mere presence in the room gets on our nerves.Then, there are some others who can’t be categorized as extremely good looking or particularly sophisticated but they have “something” which is quite exclusive. It is this exclusiveness or uniqueness that marks every individual’s personality. Our personality depicts our selfness and it is vital to hold on to it because it can become really hard to remember who you are when the world functions like a machine. There is nothing great in becoming like somebody else. The difficulty lies in refusing to become a cog in the machine when everybody else is happily doing so.

So, take a deep breath and follow these 12 personality development tips to retain your uniqueness.

  1. Introspect

It is important to be in tune with ourselves. Hectic schedules, job targets, family troubles and societal pressure work together to make us run the race of survival. We get so engrossed in the worldly affairs that we forget the meaning of solitude. And often, when we do not expect it at all, we face an existential question— “Who am I?” We try to find impressive answers to this question, answers that can leave a mark on others. But, we rely on outside sources or on the people around us for the same whereas the best answer remains hidden within us. Introspection helps us in uncovering those answers. It makes us realise that being in our own company is an invigorating experience. Proper understanding of one’s own self fortifies one’s personality.

  1. Enjoy Solitary Trips

It is a good idea to take a break at least once in a year. Dedicate this time to yourself. As social beings, we function around human beings and life is unthinkable without human contact. But this mechanical lifestyle makes us indifferent to other beautiful things that exist around us. We go to our work places every day, making the same journey, traversing the same roads, yet we do not truly see anything because our minds are always preoccupied with numerous thoughts. Our brains are too stressed to notice the new flowers that have been planted across the road or the man sitting on the footpath. These things or people stop existing for us. So, before stress takes over all our senses, break free from the material forces and go on a solitary trip to discover yourself. Travel different places, bond with new people, eat a variety of cuisines. The new experiences will help in the development of your personality and will provide you with new outlooks on life.

  1. Don’t Judge

Emily Dickinson’s famous poem, “I’m Nobody! Who are you?”, tells us that it is not necessary to be a “somebody” in this life. It is like being a public frog to an admiring bog. In a world, where everybody wants to become like somebody, those who do not follow the crowd are constantly judged. We envy their guts, therefore, we try to cover up this feeling by making fun of them. One’s personality is all about one’s selfness, that is why, it is time to say goodbye to one’s judgmental attitude and start seeing others in new light.

  1. Express Yourself

Majority opinion is not necessarily the right opinion. Human beings are subjective beings and it is not wrong to have an individual opinion about something. Do not hush your voice to impress the crowd. Express your thoughts clearly and confidently because to some extent, your thoughts define your personality.

  1. Deconstruct the Appearances

Our personalities have nothing to do with our looks. Good looks are the result of good genes, so we should probably thank our parents for that and stop acting like some celebrity. It is our choices that make us who we really are, thus, learn to look beyond the appearances. Good looks do not guarantee good personality.

  1. Have a Positive Attitude

A person who cries about every small thing that goes wrong emanates negative vibes and nobody likes to mingle with a crybaby. The most beautiful thing about life is its unpredictability and we should accept its challenges positively. Learn to face your problems because evading them leads to more stress which is an obstacle in the development of your personality.

  1. Be Confident

Remember the cliched saying— “confidence is the key to success”. Have faith in yourself because nobody can judge you better than you. Failures are a part of life and these should not demotivate you. Learn to embrace your weaknesses so that no one can use them against you. Remember, perfection is a utopian concept, so, approach others confidently.

  1. Smile, Smile Again

One of the things that people notice about you when they first meet you is your smile. Artificial smiles fail to stir us because they lack genuine emotion. When you learn to accept your flaws, you start getting comfortable in your skins and this comfort leads to contentment. The smiles of contented people are reflected in their eyes and we feel lively in their company. Be the owner of a genuine smile and spread happiness around you.

  1. Don’t Destroy, Build

Have an empathetic attitude towards others. We can never know what the other people are going through in their lives, so, rather than becoming a stern critic of their situations, be the support they need in their difficult phases. Help them in regaining their confidence.

  1. Make Efforts

Never give up. Make persistent efforts to achieve your goal. You can achieve our goals only if you have faith in yourself. Facing all the hurdles in the way of success makes us stronger and more efficient. Do not tire of standing up every time you fall because it is worthwhile to follow your dreams.

  1. Hone your Skills

Your personality is defined by your uniqueness and your uniqueness is attributed to the skills you possess. Just like a person can never be “too educated”, in the same way, s/he can never be “too skilled”. Keep working on yourself because there is always room for improvement.

  1. Do not Emulate

Almost all of us have our idols who motivate us to do better in life. It is good to be positively influenced by somebody but it is fatal to lose oneself in the process of emulating one’s idol. Your individuality defines your personality so never take yourself for granted.

There are different ways to define sky. Some may define it as a part of the atmosphere while philosophers may see it as a web connecting us all. One perspective or one point of view can never suffice to explain a phenomenon or an event. An individual is even more complicated. No definition can completely describe an individual. So, don’t limit yourself to a single definition. Break the walls of your own mind and soar high.

Top 10 Harmful and Dangerous Effects of Coffee on Health

A lot of us today believe that we are ‘coffee persons.’ We prefer to start our day with a hot, freshly brewed cup of coffee and the enthralling aroma of coffee beans.  It’s as if there is nothing in this world that a good cup of coffee can’t fix.
Having a headache? Grab a coffee.
Feeling stressed? Again, go for coffee.
Trapped in a bad mood? Coffee will be your happy pill.
Got to stay up late? Coffee will be your partner.

Whatever XYZ the problem or situation might be, for the die-hard coffee lovers- coffee is the solution for pretty much everything. For them, coffee is not just a drink, it’s their companion. It accompanies them in all situations be it a lonely evening, a romantic date, an official meeting, a family get together or a holiday, coffee is everywhere. Till the time we stick to consuming a limited one or maximum two cups of coffee a day it is fine. But when this number starts witnessing an exponential increase, it is time to take it as an alarming sign. Consuming too much of coffee increases caffeine levels in our body and have some ill-effects on our health. Here are a few of such detrimental effects:

10. Headaches

It may come as a shocker to a lot of people who believe that coffee treats headache, opposite to our beliefs, it might be the reason for it in the first place. It is responsible for triggering headache as well. When consuming coffee on a daily basis becomes a habit and you refrain from it for a day or more, it results in a condition called ‘caffeine rebound’ that leads to headaches.

9. Pave the way to Insomnia

We have always heard stories about students resorting to endless cups of coffees during exam time to keep the sleep away. Since we blindly follow what we see or hear, looking up to coffee to keep those sleep doses away has more or less became a trend. No doubt that as caffeine suppresses melatonin, the hormone responsible for causing a sleepy feeling; it initially helps to keep the sleep away. But if the process is repeated for a long period of time, it can disrupt your normal sleep-wake cycle and might even lead to Insomnia in the long run.

8. Puts your heart at risk

Increased amount of caffeine is known to increase your heart rate and cause palpitations. Moreover, a long time regular and excessive consumption of the beverage can result in stiffening of the arterial walls, a condition which is referred to as ‘arterial stiffness’ in medical terms. Blockage of arteries may lead to irregular flow of blood resulting in insufficient blood supply and thus fatal heart attacks. Hence, uncontrolled consumption of caffeine puts your heart and thus your life at risk.

7. Increased anxiety and depression

Increased intake of caffeine may result in a feeling of nervousness, jitteriness, irritability, drowsiness and all of these leads to anxiety and panic attacks and even depression in the worst case. The technicality of it is that caffeine intake blocks the adenosine receptors, chemical responsible to signal fatigue and thus we feel pumped up and energized. But since the receptors were blocked, they become a lot more sensitive. When the caffeine leaves our body, we experience a ‘coffee crash’ which leads to the anxiety problems and all other symptoms.

6. Complication in pregnancy

During pregnancy, doctors suggest to avoid taking more than a cup of coffee in a day. This is because, the fetus may be caffeine-sensitive and in such cases, excessive caffeine might harm the child in dreadful ways. Also, higher level of caffeine is known to cause uncontrolled pressure on urinary bladder that may lead to excessive urination or even miscarriages.

5.  Gastro-intestinal problems

The most basic effect that immoderate level of caffeine in our body has is that it increases the production of hydrochloric acid in our stomach. This leads to damaging of the stomach walls and makes it vulnerable to be attacked by bacteria. It also enhances the risk of developing ulcers and may also cause irritation to the small intestine. Apart from this, in some cases conditions like indigestion, constipation and diarrhea can also be attributed to high caffeine intake.

4. Hypertension

High blood pressure also referred to as hypertension can be one of the most common ill-effects observed amongst those with the habit of excessive caffeine intake. As caffeine has a stimulating effect on the nervous system, it is shown to increase the blood pressure. Though, this effect is temporary, it has the strongest effect on those who are not really used to consume coffee.

3. Fatigue

The characteristic of beverages like coffee, tea or other such caffeinated drinks is stimulating our energy levels to leaps and bounds. Yes, temporarily they do have a stimulating effect on us but on the contrary, they may also lead to rebound fatigue once the caffeine leaves our body. This occurs when we refrain from having such beverages after getting used to it. Of course, the fatigue can be controlled by re-filling the body with caffeine levels that it has been craving for, but then excessive consumption will lead to other ill-effects on your health and you will be trapped in a vicious loop. The one, where staying away from it is harder and staying too close is fatal.

Tired man with a mug vector illustration

2. Fatal for Type-2 Diabetics

Caffeine elevates blood glucose levels in people with diabetes making it hard for them to control their blood sugar level. This is because it may lower the insulin sensitivity and the ones suffering from type 2 diabetes, whose bodies already doesn’t use insulin well, it may prove to be fatal.


1. It is an addiction

The worst ill-effect of consuming coffee excessively is that it is addictive in nature. Once your body is habitual of the caffeine intake, it needs it no matter what. Failing to fulfil this might lead to headaches, fatigues, irresistible cravings or even hallucinations and anxiety attacks. You face a miserable rebound and it entraps you in a vicious cobweb. It becomes difficult to get rid of this addictive need.

Just as everything has its pros and cons, coffee are also both a giver and a taker. If consumed in a controlled manner, it can prove to be beneficial but excessive consumption can even take you to the death-bed in worst cases. The perfect solution is to maintain a balance and enjoy your sip of coffee.