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Top 10 Worst Floods of all Time

Over the centuries, natural disasters have largely been unavoidable. They are hard to predict, almost impossible to withstand, and the after-effects are devastating. Earthquakes, famines, volcanic eruptions – humans across the world have witnessed enough of these. Moreover, floods have also been a great cause of disaster. While we consider water to be a fundamental element that enables crops to grow and helps sustain livelihoods, it can also leave a drastic impact in excess. Too much of anything can be harmful. The following is a list of some of the worst floods that have wreaked havoc on the lives of people and caused immeasurable damage:

10. Saint Marcellus’ Flood

One of the oldest recorded floods to have had a severe impact, the Saint Marcellus’ flood took place as long ago as 1362, over six hundred years ago. Also known as ‘Grote Mandrenke’, which means the great drowning of men, the disastrous event hit Holland, the British Isles, and Denmark. It is believed the flood originated from a massive gale from the Atlantic Ocean, and then found its way to the aforementioned areas. The disastrous event destroyed a plethora of towns across the countries. In fact, as many as 25,000 people are known to have lost their lives in the calamity. The flood made inhabitants in those areas aware of how damaging and unpredictable the weather can be.

9. Yangtze River Flood

The Yangtze River floods were a series of deadly floods that impacted the Hubei province of People’s Republic of China. They hit the region for a period of three months – from June to September in 1954, and caused extensive damage. Although the Yangtze River is the largest Asian river and is of great importance to China, it has also been catastrophic in nature. The river is so violent that when the floods struck, all efforts to stop them went into vain. Three floodgates were open to stop the water level from rising, and yet the flood ended up taking as many as 33,000 lives.

8. Bangladesh Famine

Bangladesh went through a dark phase in 1974, characterized by poverty and the deaths of many people. The Brahmaputra river, one of the largest in the world, that flows through India, China, and Bangladesh was responsible for the famine. Because of massive floods along the river, the famine took place in Bangladesh, resulting in a pathetic situation where people starved to death. While official estimates say that there were approximately 27,000 casualties, unofficial figures place the number at close to 1.5 million. The floods led to a situation of calamity and disaster throughout the country for a long period of time.

7. Eastern Guatemala Flood

Guatemala is a country in Central America that is bordered by Mexico on one side and the Pacific Ocean on the other. The Pacific Ocean has been infamous for the number of storms and hurricanes that originate in it and end up affecting nearby coastlines. In 1949, one such hurricane hit Guatemala and caused one of the worst flooding disasters the country has ever witnessed. Not only did the flood kill as many as 40,000 people, but it also left countless number of people without homes to live in. The flood caused great losses to the country, in terms of human life, as well as money.

6. The Hanoi Delta Flood

During the Vietnam War, things were difficult and tense in Vietnam. However, the bad situation was made increasingly worse with one of the worst floods in the region. The Red River, flowing through Vietnam’s capital city of Hanoi, flooded the region known as the Hanoi delta. Heavy downpours of rain that wouldn’t seem to stop destroyed the delta region, ending in widespread loss of life. A whopping 1,00,000 people lost their lives in the vicious flood. The fact that the flood took place during the time of war made things even worse as most of the region’s crops were also destroyed.

5. St. Felix Flood

Another deadly flood that struck the Netherlands, the St. Felix flood took place hundreds of years ago in 1530. Since the flood took place on the name day of St. Felix, it came to be named after him. The flood was so huge in size that a major portion of the Netherlands was washed away in it. Only a few small towns were able to survive its fury. It is estimated that the flood killed over 120,000 people, making it one of the worst Dutch floods of all time.

4. Yangtze River Flood of 1935

The Yangtze River has a tumultuous history of flooding. In 1935, a disastrous flood hit the Southeastern Region of China. This flood was much more dangerous and catastrophic than its successor which took place in 1954. The flood not only killed over 150,000 people, but also caused far-reaching damage and destruction in the entire region, preventing economic growth and sustenance. The flood also brought with it various water-borne diseases like malaria and typhoid that further worsened the situation. Those who were able to survive drowning, contracted life-threatening diseases.

3. The Banqiao Dam Failure

Situated in the River Ru in the Henan province of China, the Banqiao Dam is known as a structure and symbol that is associated with a major disaster. A typhoon by the name of Nina struck the region in 1975, and various dams were damaged or destroyed during the ordeal. It was assumed that the Banqiao damn would be able to withstand the heavy rainfall. However, the rainfall was twice the threshold amount and the dam collapsed. The typhoon along with the overflowing river caused massive floods in the region. More than 160,000 people lost their lives and millions of people were left without homes. The flood also cost China hundreds of millions of dollars in damages.

2. Yellow River Flood

The second longest river in Asia, the Yellow River, is as infamous as the Yangtze when it comes to natural disasters. In 1887, the Yellow River flood took place. It was one of the worst natural disasters in history. Due to overflowing, the river submerged surrounding areas, leading to as many as 900,000 people losing their lives. Besides the myriad deaths, the floods also left people without homes and destroyed their means of sustenance, that is, their crops and agriculture.

1. The China Floods

China has withstood various flooding disasters over the centuries. However, none have been as devastating as the China floods of 1931. The ordeal began in 1930, when a drought struck the entire country. Soon after, abnormal weather conditions such as heavy snowstorms and rains brought up water levels to an unimaginably high level. The situation was exacerbated with deadly cyclones in 1931 which made rivers overflow throughout the country. It is estimated that the death toll from this flood was one of the highest ever, with as many as four to five million dead.

Top 10 Worst Common Addictions

The human nature is an intricate matter of study. It reacts in myriad ways to different situations, and all these reactions differ from person to person. Often at times, it is unable for the mind to control how it reacts to certain objects or events. If we like something, we use or consume it again. The frequency of reuse determines how healthy it can be. When this continuous reuse borders towards a zone that is potentially unsafe for the mind or body, it is often termed as an addiction. People today are more often than not, unable to control their addictions. While certain addictions are just considered as socially unacceptable and deplorable, some are fatal and can cause harm, even death. The following is a list of some of the worst addictions in today’s world:

10. Video games

Kids, adolescents, adults – people of all ages like to play video games. It’s an enjoyable pastime, brings happiness, and drives away stress. However, excessive video gaming can be harmful. In today’s world, there are multiple video gaming platforms, and video games have become generally expensive. A lot of people are consumed by their video gaming addictions, and spend hours and hours glued to their TV, desktop, or mobile screens gaming. This not only takes away their concentration and focus from other important things like studying or working, but can also harm their eyesight and brain’s functioning.

9. Social Media

Facebook, Twitter, Instagram, Snapchat – almost everyone these days has an account on at least one of these social media platforms. The social media craze has been growing since the early 2000s and doesn’t show any signs of receding. People spend more than half of their day in terms of cumulative minutes scrolling through social media or sending/receiving pictures to each other. Physical interactions have been replaced by video chats, and a person’s popularity is determined by the number of friends/followers he/she has on social media. The addiction has been known to significantly affect productivity and intellectual thinking, by preventing people from doing things that might really benefit them.

8. Shopping

There’s nothing inherently wrong or harmful in buying apparel or other products for yourself. However, with the multitude of shopping outlets in existence – both, physical and online, have turned the activity of shopping from an occasional one to a craze. Consumer culture has changed drastically and people are eager to buy the latest of everything. Even if it exceeds their spending budgets, people want to shop more and more, resorting to alternative forms of payment like EMIs and cashbacks. There’s a lot of wastage involved as well, as people keep buying new items and end up not using or discarding their old belongings before their life has expired.

7. Junk Food

Diabetes and obesity has become a global problem. Contributing to this pandemic disease is junk food. Tons of junk food is consumed by people of all ages around the world, and the numbers have only been increasing. While these foods taste really good, and can seem harmless even when consumed in small quantities, their harmful effects seep in gradually. They make people fatter, lazier, and unfit, leading to a possibility of catching a variety of diseases. Potato chips, friend foods, soft drinks – all contain unhealthy fats, making people averse to eating healthy foods and even ruining their appetites.

6. Pornography

Let’s face the facts – people do not easily admit to it, but many are addicted to watching pornography. The number of free pornography sites have grown manifold times and keep growing at an unstoppable pace. Lust and physical needs are feelings quite a few individuals find difficult to control, and hence watching pornography results in being the only release. While there are no dangerous effects of engaging in the activity of watching pornography, the addiction adversely affect one’s character. Many consider it morally wrong to do so, and it is also considered a taboo among certain cultures.

5. Caffeine

Caffeine is one of the most consumed drugs in the entire world. A significant constituent of coffee, energy drinks, and soft drinks, the substance is highly addictive. Caffeine is not a direct threat to one’s health; however, too much consumption can create cravings in the body, which if not satisfied, can lead to headaches and feelings of irritation. Office goers and students form the bulk of caffeine consumers, and they consume it on a regular basis, making them prone to addiction.

4. Work

The trials and tribulations of a nine-to-five job can be extremely taxing on the mind and body. Be it corporate jobs or those in any other fields, stress is not easy to avoid. Ever-increasing targets, piling up tasks, orders from the boss – all create mental pressure and tension. The need to meet targets and deadlines, and also the desire for a bonus drives people to work overtime. This increases the burden on them even more. Addiction to work is a serious problem in today’s world. As a matter of fact, people in Japan are known to die from heart attacks because of working too much and taking up excess stress.

3. Drugs

The war on drugs has been raging on for many years. Millions of people around the world are involved in drug abuse. The production and distribution of narcotics only keeps increasing and an increasing number of people, especially young individuals, find themselves caught in its web. Excessive usage of certain drugs like heroin and cocaine can not only create severe addictions, but also leave long-term side effects that can be damaging to a person. Thousands of people die annually from drug overdoses, highlighting how fatal and dangerous drug consumption can be.

2. Tobacco

It’s no myth that tobacco consumption is one of the most harmful activities a person can engage in. There are more than a billion people who consume tobacco via smoking cigarettes. In the short-term, the activity can create an addiction for nicotine, leading to people puffing their lungs away. Chest-aches and cough are also common among smokers. Long-term effects of tobacco addiction can take place in the form of life threatening diseases such as cancer, and increased possibilities of heart attacks. Even though the harmful effects of tobacco consumption are blatantly preached through all possible mediums, the tobacco addiction is hard to drive away.

1. Alcohol

One of the most damaging addictions of all, alcohol addiction can be extremely difficult to deal with. Alcohol is consumed all around the world. However, it is the quantity of consumption that is the matter of prime importance. Excessive consumption can create a craving in the body for alcohol that is frustrating to drive away. Most cases of domestic violence stem from alcohol addiction, and drunk driving persists to be a detrimental issue in today’s world. Moderation in terms of consuming alcohol is imperative. It can otherwise make an individual spiral down into a world of despair and exasperation.