“Education is the movement from darkness to light.”

                                                    -Allan Bloom

 India is a fast-growing country with a huge population of youngsters whose primary concern is education. We have witnessed changing dynamics of the country which are now bringing up the issues that were dead for decades. Education is also one such crucially rising matter among the youth. India is home to around 819 universities and 35000 affiliated colleges, the numbers are indeed showing that we are not far behind in the race of educational standards of the world but yet many pressing shortcomings need to be addressed.


 India is the land of origin of most ancient universities of the world namely Nalanda and Taxila dated back to the 5th century. There is no denying that education has always been imperative to Indians. The classical teaching methodology went through a series of changes with time significantly under the colonial period and here we are with our present-day education system. The education system is classified as pre-primary, primary, secondary, higher secondary, undergraduate, and postgraduate.

Screwed up a lot, the Indian education system requires some urgent transformations. Here is the list of the 10 most screwed up  realities of the Indian education system


10. No frequent reforms and policies

The recent national education policy came out in 2020 after a long wait of 34 years ( 1986). Every year the world comes up with something new and advanced yet our teaching methods and syllabus are intact with no modernization which is a reason why we are lagging.

A certain structure designed back in the 1900s has been passed over from generation to generation renders less skilled individuals.


9. A narrow list of subjects

One of the biggest loopholes in the Indian education system is its narrow approach. We just have a handful of subjects to pursue, three defined streams have remained the pioneers for decades irrespective of one’s interest and capabilities. Lack of specificity and choice is the main reason why so many people lose interest in learning.

One individual subject contains plenty of branches that must be looked after plus there are various creative and extracurricular subjects that must be added to the list of major subjects. Learning should not be limited to broadly three streams science, commerce, and humanities.


8. Huge workload  and Overburden of studies

 A strict routine in schools and colleges do not spare students much time. Examination pressure says class test, weekly test or final exams consumes more than half of the part of the year.

Students are so occupied to experiment and explore other aspects of life and learning. This is the sole reason why educational institutions are producing a confused youth, without experimentation, you can never actually see what do you want to pursue, what talents you have got, what can be your profession for the rest of your life.

We have often seen teachers end up taking up games period to complete their syllabus or warn students to join such clubs and societies. Overburdening them with assignments, projects, exams, and no fun leads to lots of mental tension and stress. We all deserve a healthy routine of work and play.


7. An intense competition

The Indian education system has huge competition for so minimal seats. With a big population, the Indian education system must realize the need for increasing the number of seats in colleges and schools. Reducing the level of competition is the need of the hour to relieve students from unfathomable stress to build their carrier.


6. Hefty prices of private school and colleges

If you are not among the top rankers then life is going to be pretty hard for you as we do not have enough seats for everybody and eventually you have to switch to private education institutions.

Private education institutions or coaching are more of business setups than learning grounds. Their fees are unaffordable for the majority of the population and their advanced methods certainly allure a major crowd but are this righteous to charge such a big amount!

Parents in hope of a bright future enroll their kids in such institutions. There should be some maximum bar for fees charged by all the institutions or the standard of government-funded institutions must be raised. Learning should not come with such heavy price tags that can burn a hole in your pocket.


5. Reservations!!!

The reservation was highly needed in the initial years when discrimination was at its peak but in the 21st century, it is nothing more than a hinderance in the path of the prosperity of the nation.

Chances must be given to those who deserve it, earn it not to a specific cast, gender, religion. It is also a major reason why people go abroad for studies, reservations blindly uplift one section of society and suppress others in the name of equality.


4. No technology involved

Our methods of teaching are still outdated, students have no access to computers in computer labs, only a few institutions are equipped with smart boards majorly private ones, lack of suitable apparatus in labs, and most important, technology remains an ignorant field forever in the Indian education system.

The outer world is all about technologies and the Indian education system is still adhering to the same subjects using the same methods. Technical studies must be a part of the curriculum from early classes to make students familiar with the advanced technologies.


3. No overall development

Getting good grades is the objective of the Indian education system completely forgetting about personality development. Any day in the outer world social skills, speaking skills creative mindsets, and unique ideas are valued more.

A student must be taught to imbibe these skills along with textbook learning. A piece of degree doesn’t define your potential, potential has to build over the years with learning not just scoring. There should be more efforts, initiatives, and plans to bring out these qualities in students.


2. Only cramming no learning

Cramming the stuff with no in-depth knowledge is useless. Indian education system priorities the Marks and grades and hence students go for long paragraphs cramming instead of short appropriate content.

Learning doesn’t depend on the number of pages you have written in exams or the length of the paragraph, scoring does. Students must be encouraged to write about their own understanding of the concept rather than penning down a copy of notes or books.

 1. Lack of understanding with teachers

Teachers need to be more friendly,  flexible, and well trained in their expertise. In the Indian education system,  their role is so crucial in making and breaking of carrier is a subject to reconsider. Students should be able to communicate with the teachers not just answer.

If all the teachers cannot have a healthy relationship with the students then there must be a psychologist in every institution who can understand student’s perspectives and problems. Usually, teachers are programmed to direct students in their own field of expertise by default but it needs to change, teachers must be flexible enough to consider student’s skills and interests and encourage them to work harder in their area of interest.

 The Indian education system has many pros and cons but everything can be subjected to reforms and improvements so is the Indian education system. These are amenable flaws in the system borne out of negligence that can be easily fixed.  Overall to render skilled opinionated individuals educational institutions must lay down a strong foundation.