“History is the version of the past events that people have decided to agree upon.”
History has always fascinated the modern generation to know about their ancestors. The only source that practically fulfills this curiosity is historical sites. For centuries it has been standing erect as living evidence of our history. Some are buried, hidden, forgotten and rest are preserved. In the late medieval era, travelers set out to find unknown lands with some looking for hidden treasures. Even today, archaeological institutions are researching more about the existing historical sites and trying to find out new sites. The exciting discoveries of sites and other discoveries are a source of joy and excitement in everyday life.
“History is who we are and why we are the way we are.”
To preserve this culture, UNESCO has tagged the major historical monuments and heritage sites. Many tourists visit these sites to witness these wonderful and incredible places try to get an idea of human history. If you ever wondered to know about these historical monuments then we have a solution. We have listed the world’s top 10 greatest historical monuments in the world:-
10. The hidden city of Machu Picchu, Peru- How about a mysterious city hidden from the world? Hidden away from the rest of the world, Machu Picchu is speculated to be a royal kingdom or a sacred religious place. This place was civilized by Inca leaders who were attacked later by the Spanish invaders. The hidden city of Machu Picchu was unknown to the world until 1911 when it was discovered by Hiram Bingham (American Archeologist). The place is nearly 5 miles long and its presence was only known to some peasants till its discovery. Machu Picchu has many buildings and construction with accurately cut and placed dry stone which is itself an architectural structure.
9. The astonishing construction of great Pyramids, Giza (Egypt)- How about huge architecturally built pyramids in the ancient world? The Great pyramids of Giza are well known to the world. Their height and construction continue to wonder the world. Several scholars debate over its near-perfect construction. The great pyramids of Giza are the oldest of the seven wonders in the world that also existed as the tallest man-made structure for more than 3,000 years. They stand as the tomb for the great ancient kings and queens built throughout 3 generation rulers. It is believed to be spiritually guarded by the great sphinx that is a statue facing pyramids with the body of a lion and the head of a human. Scholars say that it was not built by slaves, rather farmers constructed it when the river Nile flooded and they did not have work.
8. A structure that took 200 years to build, great wall China- How about a historical monument visible from space? The Great Wall of China is a series of buildings or a sort of military construction at the northern border of China. The purpose behind the construction was defense from invaders like Mongols. It is even visible in space. The great wall of China was also an enabler for the popular silk trade of China for centuries past. The wall is constructed with cement, stone, bricks, and dirt. It took more than 200 years to build over the reign of different dynasties. Scholars claim that thousands of construction workers died from fall-off height starvation or other diseases.
7. A huge amphitheater of the ancient era, Roman Colosseum, Italy- How about a huge amphitheater built in the past? The Colosseum is a huge oval amphitheater constructed in the ancient world that stands even today. The amphitheater is big enough to hold nearly 80,000 spectators. It was a construction of the ancient world that was discontinued to be used for entertainment during medieval times. Roman Colosseum was later used for household purposes, workshops, or religious work. The passing time and earthquakes affected its construction negatively and damaged the structure to some extent. But, still, it’s one of the most popular structures in Italy and attracts tourists from all over the world.
6. The high top construction on limestone hills called Acropolis of Athens, Greece – How about construction on a hill commencing in the bronze age? Acropolis means high city. It is a huge man-made construction on a rocky limestone ground in Greece. Acropolis in Athens has been a home for kings, a religious Centre and in the present time, it is a major tourist attraction in Europe. It is so strongly built that it has withstood bomb blasts, earthquakes, and vandalism over the years in the past. Many scholars note that it took thousands of years for construction that began in the bronze age.
5. The symbol of the earliest prehistoric times Stonehenge, England- How about a mystery monument of the prehistoric era? Stonehenge is a mysterious moment with 100 big upright stones that are nearly 1500- 5000 years old. Its purpose is still unknown but some speculate it to be an old burial ground and even the earliest construction by humans. Stonehenge enables archaeologists to reasonably comprehend the lifestyle and rites during the Neolithic and Bronze ages.
4. The ancient monument of the Arab kingdom called Petra, Jordan- How about a historical monument straight from the Arab tales? Petra is a monument in the Arab kingdom situated in the city center. The construction of Roman times has been affected by the change in time and its ruins are a source of attraction to tourists. Petra has been a witness to turmoil in the medieval age and early Islamic era. Also known as the “rose city” petra is also associated with several popular tales. The lost city of petra has a variety of tombs, temples and ancient households.
3. The site of god’s presence Temple Mount, Jerusalem- How about a monument called the land of God’s presence? The historical and religious site of Temple Mount is sacred to both Jewish and Muslim people. Due to this reason, it has always been a centre of violence and uncertainty. Temple mount is an elevated complex that is also located with several holy ancient temples. The site was built thousands of years ago. Jews believed that God collected dust from this place to create Adam while Abraham sacrificed his son here. Muslims believe that at this site prophet Muhammad climbed to the divine presence.
2. The popular symbol of love by a Mughal ruler for his deceased wife- Taj Mahal, India- How about a grand white symbol of love that is existing for generations? Taj Mahal is a burial place erected by Mughal ruler Shah Jahan for his deceased favourite wife Mumtaz Mahal. It includes a mosque, guest house and it is surrounded by 4 big white domes, beautiful gardens and a small water body. Taj Mahal has a very beautiful Indo-Islamic construction and architecture illustrating the-art standards of the mutual era in India. The inspiration behind emperor Shah Jahan for Taj Mahal was his supreme love for his wife Mumtaz Mahal who died giving birth to their 14th child. The historical monument of love is visited by tourists who adore the love, tale and beauty behind the construction.
1. The largest archaeological city of Chichen Itza, Mexico- How about a city belonging to the Mayan ruins? Chichen Itza is a well-known historical city of the Mayans of Mexico. It is supposed to be a religious or pilgrimage center in prehistoric times. The people are not allowed to climb the figure to preserve the site. Chichen Itza has recently been named as the 7 wonders of the world. The short-statured Mayan people have always been a topic of fascination and this monument has a lot of sculptures around it.
“History is not a burden on the memory but an illumination of the soul.”